Described as “an absolute masterpiece of architecture” and a unique testament to the Inca civilization, Machu Picchu, an ancient citadel built atop a mountain, is proudly one of the Seven Wonders of the World. In the Quechua language, “Machu Picchu” means “Old Peak” or “Old Mountain,” and it certainly fits that description. A magnificent imposing structure that has many tales to tell, it lies concealed and totally invisible from below.
Surrounded by towering peaks and streaming water, Machu Picchu is made up of approximately 150 buildings. Forged from granite, this construction was camouflaged to blend in seamlessly with the mountains. So perfectly joined together, the Incas were so precise in their carving of these granite blocks that a knife cannot fit between the stones.
Many cities built by the Inca civilisation were demolished in the Spanish conquest and fortunately, as Machu Picchu was hidden, it is one of the most well-preserved Inca cities and an archaeological gem.
As Machu Picchu is located in a part of high jungle there is an incredible environmental richness that thrives in the varied climate. A diverse and complex ecology, the Inca Trail boasts more than 400 species of orchids, begonias, trees and bushes and is home to a wide variety of fauna. You can also find 400 registered species of birds.