Home to the famous ruins of Machu Picchu, the ancient Incan capital of Cusco and the Incan farming region of the Sacred Valley, travellers can expect a wonderfully interpretive introduction to what was once the largest empire in pre-Columbian America. Named as one of the seven wonders of the modern world in 2007, Machu Picchu is one of the world’s top tourist destinations with over one million visitors annually. It was also declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983.
A shroud of mystery envelopes the citadel of Machu Picchu, a 38 000 hectare (94 000 acre) complex, tucked away within the jungle. One of the world’s most significant archaeological sites, this enigmatic stone fortress is tangible evidence of the Inca Empire, when it was at the peak of its power and achievement. At a dizzying 2 430 m (7 972 ft) above sea-level, the view form Machu Picchu on a clear day is breathtaking. The famous ruins are surrounded by towering peaks and offer sensational views of the surrounding valley. The site’s dramatic setting, which encompasses the diverse flora and fauna of the upper Amazon basin, along with its rich history, make Machu Picchu an unforgettable travel destination.
Situated approximately 75 kilometres (47 miles) away is the vibrant city of Cusco, this enchanting destination greets visitors with an invitingly festive atmosphere. Rich in cultural interest, it is the combination of Andean traditions and Peruvian culture, with people speaking both Quechua and Spanish in the area, the bustling markets brimming with authentic curious, and the beautiful architecture inspired by both the Incans and Spanish, that add to the region’s charm. Furthermore, tucked in-between Cusco and Machu Picchu is the flourishing Sacred Valley, guardian of a number of prominent ancient sites, and the destination that completes the Incan circuit. The region’s awe-inspiring vistas of frosted-peaked mountains and Inca farming terraces makes it the ideal destination to embark on a series of outdoor adventures such mountain biking, trekking, horseback riding, river rafting, and rock climbing.