During the slave trade, 15 000 slaves moved through Zanzibar each year, making up a large part of the Indian Ocean slave grounds.
Begin the historical and moving tour at Dhow Harbour in Malindi, a 13th century Swahili settlement. At the height of the slave trade, Malindi was used as a port where slave ships docked with their captive cargo.
Next, head off to the house of the notorious Swahili-Zanzibari slave trader Tippu Tip. This appropriate nickname referenced his abundant wealth and the tip-u-tip rattle of his army’s gun arsenal. At the last stretch of the 19th century, Tippu Tip, owned over half a dozen plantations and 10 000 slaves and servants.
Visit the Anglican Church built on the site of an old slave market, a square surrounded by small houses. The church was largely constructed by unskilled local labourers and supervised by the missionary, Edward Steer.
Drive past the missionary graves to Mbweni Ruins, once a school for freed slave girls. Next, head off to Livingstone House and Mangapwani Beach, where hundreds of slaves were kept in caves, awaiting the arrival of the dhows.